# C Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges

By | 25.06.2017

## Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges

Write a C Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges. Here’s simple Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges.

## Depth First Search (DFS)

Depth First Search (DFS) algorithm traverses a graph in a depthward motion and uses a stack to remember to get the next vertex to start a search, when a dead end occurs in any iteration.

It employs the following rules.

• Rule 1 − Visit the adjacent unvisited vertex. Mark it as visited. Display it. Push it in a stack.
• Rule 2 − If no adjacent vertex is found, pop up a vertex from the stack. (It will pop up all the vertices from the stack, which do not have adjacent vertices.)
• Rule 3 − Repeat Rule 1 and Rule 2 until the stack is empty.

We shall not see the implementation of Depth First Traversal (or Depth First Search) in C programming language

Also Read : : C Program for traversing a Directed Graph through DFS recursively

Below is the source code for C Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges in output which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :

### SOURCE CODE : :

```/* C Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges */

#include<stdio.h>
#define MAX 50

#define initial 1
#define visited 2
#define finished 3

int n;    /*Number of vertices in the graph */
void create_graph( );

int state[MAX];
int time;
int d[MAX];
int f[MAX];

void DF_Traversal();
void DFS(int v);

int main()
{
create_graph();
DF_Traversal();
return 0;
}/*End of main()*/

void DF_Traversal()
{
int v;

for(v=0; v<n; v++)
state[v] = initial;

printf("\nEnter starting vertex for Depth First Search : ");
scanf("%d",&v);
DFS(v);
for(v=0; v<n; v++)
{
if(state[v] == initial)
DFS(v);
}
printf("\n");
}/*End of DF_Traversal( )*/

void DFS(int v)
{
int i;
time++;
d[v] = time;
state[v] = visited;

for(i=0; i<n; i++)
{
{
if(state[i] == initial)
{
printf("\n(%d,%d) - Tree edge\n", v, i);
DFS(i);
}
else if(state[i] == visited)
{
printf("\n(%d,%d) - Back edge\n", v, i);
}
else if(d[v] < d[i])
{
printf("\n(%d,%d) - Forward edge\n", v, i);
}
else
printf("\n(%d,%d) - Cross edge\n", v, i);
}
}
state[v] = finished;
f[v] = ++time;
}/*End of DFS()*/

void create_graph()
{
int i,max_edges,origin,destin;

printf("\nEnter number of vertices : ");
scanf("%d",&n);
max_edges=n*(n-1);

for(i=1;i<=max_edges;i++)
{
printf("\nEnter edge %d( -1 -1 to quit ) : ",i);
scanf("%d %d",&origin,&destin);

if( (origin == -1) && (destin == -1) )
break;

if( origin >= n || destin >= n || origin<0 || destin<0)
{
printf("\nInvalid edge!\n");
i--;
}
else
{
}
}
}```

### OUTPUT : :

```/* C Program for Traversing Directed Graph through DFS and classifying all edges */

Enter number of vertices : 6

Enter edge 1( -1 -1 to quit ) : 0 1

Enter edge 2( -1 -1 to quit ) : 0 2

Enter edge 3( -1 -1 to quit ) : 0 3

Enter edge 4( -1 -1 to quit ) : 0 4

Enter edge 5( -1 -1 to quit ) : 1 3

Enter edge 6( -1 -1 to quit ) : 3 4

Enter edge 7( -1 -1 to quit ) : 2 5

Enter edge 8( -1 -1 to quit ) : 5 4

Enter edge 9( -1 -1 to quit ) : -1 -1

Enter starting vertex for Depth First Search : 0

(0,1) - Tree edge

(1,3) - Tree edge

(3,4) - Tree edge

(0,2) - Tree edge

(2,5) - Tree edge

(5,4) - Cross edge

(0,3) - Forward edge

(0,4) - Forward edge

Process returned 0```

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