Write a C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion

By | 29.11.2016

C Program to implement Binary Search

Write a C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion. Here’s simple Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion in C Programming Language.

Recursion : :

  • Recursion is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way. In programming languages, if a program allows you to call a function inside the same function, then it is called a recursive call of the function.
  • The C programming language supports recursion, i.e., a function to call itself. But while using recursion, programmers need to be careful to define an exit condition from the function, otherwise it will go into an infinite loop.
  • Recursive functions are very useful to solve many mathematical problems, such as calculating the factorial of a number, generating Fibonacci series, etc.

Problem : :

This C program, using recursion, performs binary search. In this program an array of random number is generated. The user is asked to enter a key. The array of random numbers are sorted and then the binary search operation is performed based on the key.

Below is the source code for C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :


/*  C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion  */

#include <stdio.h>
void binary_search(int [], int, int, int);
void bubble_sort(int [], int);
int main()
    int key, size, i;
    int list[25];
    printf("Enter size of a list: ");
    scanf("%d", &size);
    printf("Generating random numbers\n");
    for(i = 0; i < size; i++)
        list[i] = rand() % 100;
        printf("%d  ", list[i]);
    bubble_sort(list, size);
    printf("Enter key to search\n");
    scanf("%d", &key);
    binary_search(list, 0, size, key);
void bubble_sort(int list[], int size)
    int temp, i, j;
    for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
        for (j = i; j < size; j++)
            if (list[i] > list[j])
                temp = list[i];
                list[i] = list[j];
                list[j] = temp;
void binary_search(int list[], int lo, int hi, int key)
    int mid;
    if (lo > hi)
        printf("Key not found\n");
    mid = (lo + hi) / 2;
    if (list[mid] == key)
        printf("Key found\n");
    else if (list[mid] > key)
        binary_search(list, lo, mid - 1, key);
    else if (list[mid] < key)
        binary_search(list, mid + 1, hi, key);

Output : :

***************** OUTPUT ********************

***************** FIRST RUN *****************

Enter size of a list: 10
Generating random numbers
83  86  77  15  93  35  86  92  49  21  
Enter key to search
Key found

***************** SECOND RUN *****************

Enter size of a list: 7
Generating random numbers
41  67  34  0  69  24  78

Enter key to search
Key not found

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About Tunde A

My name is Tunde Ajetomobi, a Tech Enthusiast and Growth Hacker. I enjoy creating helpful content that solves problem across different topics. Codezclub is my way of helping young aspiring programmers and students to hone their skills and find solutions on fundamental programming languages.

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