*Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order*

Write a C Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order. Here’s simple Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order in C Programming Language.

*What is Matrix ?*

**Matrix representation** is a method used by a computer language to store matrices of more than one dimension in memory. C uses “Row Major”, which stores all the elements for a given row contiguously in memory.

*Two-dimensional Arrays : :*

The simplest form of multidimensional array is the two-dimensional array. A two-dimensional array is, in essence, a list of one-dimensional arrays. An m × n (read as m by n) order matrix is a set of numbers arranged in m rows and n columns.

To declare a two-dimensional integer array of size [x][y], you would write something as follows −

type arrayName [ x ][ y ];

Where **type** can be any valid C data type and **arrayName** will be a valid C identifier.

Below is the source code for C Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :

**SOURCE CODE : :**

**SOURCE CODE : :**

/* C Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order */ #include <stdio.h> int main() { static int array1[10][10], array2[10][10]; int i, j, k, a, m, n; printf("Enter no. of rows :: "); scanf("%d", &m); printf("\nEnter no. of cols :: "); scanf("%d",&n); printf("\nEnter values to the matrix :: \n"); for (i = 0; i < m; i++) { for (j = 0; j < n; j++) { printf("\nEnter a[%d][%d] value :: ",i,j); scanf("%d", &array1[i][j]); array2[i][j] = array1[i][j]; } } printf("\nThe given matrix is \n\n"); for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { printf("\t%d", array1[i][j]); } printf("\n\n"); } printf("\nAfter arranging rows in ascending order : \n"); for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { for (k =(j + 1); k < n; ++k) { if (array1[i][j] > array1[i][k]) { a = array1[i][j]; array1[i][j] = array1[i][k]; array1[i][k] = a; } } } } for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { printf("\t%d", array1[i][j]); } printf("\n\n"); } printf("\nAfter arranging the columns in descending order : \n"); for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (k = i + 1; k < m; ++k) { if (array2[i][j] < array2[k][j]) { a = array2[i][j]; array2[i][j] = array2[k][j]; array2[k][j] = a; } } } } for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { printf("\t%d", array2[i][j]); } printf("\n\n"); } return 0; }

**OUTPUT : :**

**OUTPUT : :**

/* C Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order in Matrix */ Enter no. of rows :: 3 Enter no. of cols :: 3 Enter values to the matrix :: Enter a[0][0] value :: 6 Enter a[0][1] value :: 1 Enter a[0][2] value :: 3 Enter a[1][0] value :: 6 Enter a[1][1] value :: 2 Enter a[1][2] value :: 3 Enter a[2][0] value :: 0 Enter a[2][1] value :: 9 Enter a[2][2] value :: 4 The given matrix is 6 1 3 6 2 3 0 9 4 After arranging rows in ascending order : 1 3 6 2 3 6 0 4 9 After arranging the columns in descending order : 6 9 4 6 2 3 0 1 3 Process returned 0

Above is the source code for C Program to Sort Rows in Ascending and Cols in Descending Order in Matrix which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System.The Output of the program is shown above .

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