*Row sum and column sum of a matrix*

*Row sum and column sum of a matrix*

Write a C Program to find row sum and column sum of a matrix. Here’s simple Program to Find the Sum of each Row and each Column of Matrix in C Programming Language.

*What is Matrix ?*

**Matrix representation** is a method used by a computer language to store matrices of more than one dimension in memory. C uses “Row Major”, which stores all the elements for a given row contiguously in memory.

*Two-dimensional Arrays : :*

The simplest form of multidimensional array is the two-dimensional array. A two-dimensional array is, in essence, a list of one-dimensional arrays. An m × n (read as m by n) order matrix is a set of numbers arranged in m rows and n columns.

To declare a two-dimensional integer array of size [x][y], you would write something as follows −

*type arrayName [ x ][ y ];*

Where **type** can be any valid C data type and **arrayName** will be a valid C identifier.

Below is the source code for C Program to find row sum and column sum of a matrix which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :

**SOURCE CODE : :**

**SOURCE CODE : :**

/* C Program to find row sum and column sum of a matrix */ #include <stdio.h> int main() { int A[10][10],i,j,m,n; int row, col, sum = 0; printf("Enter no. of rows :: "); scanf("%d", &m); printf("\nEnter no. of cols :: "); scanf("%d",&n); printf("\nEnter values to the matrix :: \n"); for (i = 0; i < m; i++) { for (j = 0; j < n; j++) { printf("\nEnter a[%d][%d] value :: ",i,j); scanf("%d", &A[i][j]); } } printf("\nThe given matrix is :: \n\n"); for (i = 0; i < m; ++i) { for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) { printf("\t%d", A[i][j]); } printf("\n\n"); } /* * Finds the sum of elements of each row of matrix */ for(row=0; row<m; row++) { sum = 0; for(col=0; col<n; col++) { sum += A[row][col]; } printf("\nSum of elements of Row %d = %d\n", row+1, sum); } /* * Finds the sum of elements of each columns of matrix */ for(row=0; row<m; row++) { sum = 0; for(col=0; col<n; col++) { sum += A[col][row]; } printf("\nSum of elements of Column %d = %d\n", row+1, sum); } return 0; }

**Output : :**

**Output : :**

/* C Program to find row sum and column sum of a matrix */ Enter no. of rows :: 3 Enter no. of cols :: 3 Enter values to the matrix :: Enter a[0][0] value :: 1 Enter a[0][1] value :: 2 Enter a[0][2] value :: 3 Enter a[1][0] value :: 4 Enter a[1][1] value :: 5 Enter a[1][2] value :: 6 Enter a[2][0] value :: 7 Enter a[2][1] value :: 8 Enter a[2][2] value :: 9 The given matrix is :: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Sum of elements of Row 1 = 6 Sum of elements of Row 2 = 15 Sum of elements of Row 3 = 24 Sum of elements of Column 1 = 12 Sum of elements of Column 2 = 15 Sum of elements of Column 3 = 18 Process returned 0

Above is the source code for C Program to find row sum and column sum of a matrix which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System.The Output of the program is shown above .

If you found any error or any queries related to the above program or any questions or reviews , you wanna to ask from us ,you may * Contact Us* through our contact Page or you can also comment below in the comment section.We will try our best to reach up to you in short interval.

**Thanks for reading the post….**