What is Interview | Different Types of Interviews | 2016

By | 13.10.2016

Meaning of interview


The word interview comes from Latin and middle French words meaning to “see between” or “see each other”. Generally, interview means a private meeting between people when questions are asked and answered. The person who answers the questions of an interview is called in interviewer. The person who asks the questions of our interview is called an interviewer. It suggests a meeting between two persons for the purpose of getting a view of each other or for knowing each other. When we normally think of an interview, we think a setting in which an employer tries to size up an applicant for a job.


According to Gary Dessler, “An interview is a procedure designed to obtain information from a person’s oral response to oral inquiries.”

According to Thill and Bovee, “An interview is any planed conversation with a specific purpose involving two or more people”.

According to Dr. S. M. Amunuzzaman, “Interview is a very systematic method by which a person enters deeply into the life of even a stranger and can bring out needed information and data for the research purpose.”


So, an interview is formal meetings between two people (the interviewer and the interviewee) where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information, qualities, attitudes, wishes etc. Form the interviewee.


types of interviews

                                                                                                                                                                                     Types of interviews


Types of interviews


There are many types of interviews that an organization can arrange. It depends on the objectives of taking the interview. Interviews come in all shapes and sizes: Sometimes you’re with one interviewer, others you’re with five. Maybe you’ll be asked to lunch, expected to solve a problem, or invited to a Skype interview.Some important types of interviews are stated below:


The Telephone Interview


A call is typically a first-round screening to see if you’re a fit to come in for a full interview, so nailing it is key. You’ll want to prepare just as you would for an in-person interview, with some key adjustments for the phone format.Often companies request an initial telephone interview before inviting you in for a face to face meeting in order to get a better understanding of the type of candidate you are. The one benefit of this is that you can have your notes out in front of you. You should do just as much preparation as you would for a face to face interview, and remember that your first impression is vital. Some people are better meeting in person than on the phone, so make sure that you speak confidently, with good pace and try to answer all the questions that are asked.

What to Expect:

A call from an employer to eliminate candidates based on essential criteria. An employer may call you without an appointment.


Have your job search records organized and handy. Refer to your resume as needed


Panel Interview


It’s nerve-wracking enough to have one interviewer take you through your paces. These interviews involve a number of people sitting as a panel with one as chairperson. This type of interview is popular within the public sector. It gives the employer multiple opinions about you.

Your job is to engage each member of the panel when answering a question. Start by making eye contact with the person who has posed the query. Then gradually shift your focus to each of the other panel members while continuing to answer the question.


What to Expect:

Three or more people will ask you questions on your qualifications and evaluate how you fit in. It may include other candidates for the position.


Direct your answer to the person who asked the question, but try to maintain some eye contact with all group members. If other candidates are present, introduce yourself and be polite. Volunteer to respond first to a few questions, but do not dominate the entire interview. Compliment another candidate’s response and then build on it with your own thoughts.


Stress Interview


You’ve been given an “in-basket” full of tasks. The interviewer gives you 20 minutes to sort through the tasks and put them in the proper priority. Or part way through the session, your interviewer suddenly starts asking two or three questions a time, glaring at you when you try to answer, then suddenly gets up and walks out for a few minutes – no explanation supplied.

Chances are you’re being stress-interviewed. The employer puts you under pressure to see how you react. You show them what you’re made of by keeping your cool. The more they continue to apply the tension, the calmer you become.

What to Expect:

Questions intended to make you uncomfortable and a test how you will handle stress on the job.


Keep your cool and take your time in responding to the questions. Don’t take anything personally.


Case Interview


The employer gives you a problem or topic for which you must prepare a presentation, either before arriving or directly on the spot. They want to see how you communicate your ideas in front of a small group.

That’s why you do your homework and show up ready to perform. Keep in mind who your audience is, what they might be expecting to hear, and the time limit you’ve been given to make your pitch.


Lunch Interview


Has your potential employer suggested an interview over a meal? That’s a good sign—it usually means she wants to learn a little more about you and how you act outside of the office. This type of interview gives the employer a chance to assess your communication and interpersonal skills as well as your table manners!

What to Expect:

Interview conducted in a restaurant to assess how well you handle yourself in social situations.


Pick easy things to eat so you can answer questions and pay attention to the conversation. If the location is a coffee shop, the interviewer is probably looking for a more casual conversation.


Video Conference Interview


Skype or Google Chat video interviews take the phone-screening interview to the next level, and they’re becoming a regular part of the job application process for many companies. From choosing the right on-screen look to making sure all of your tech systems are a go, you’ll want to be 100% ready for your TV debut.

What to Expect:

Uses technology for a “person-to-person” interview by video. Allow people from different locations to interview you without traveling.


Practice before a video camera or mirror if facing a camera during an interview makes you nervous. If the employer requests that you interview using an online video chat (such as Skype or Google Chat), do a mock interview with a friend using that technology.


Selection Interview


Selection interviews are typically conducted onsite at the hiring company. The purpose of a selection interview is to determine whether a candidate will be selected for the position he or she is interviewing for. A selection interview is typically more rigorous than a screening interview. At this point, a company is trying to decide whether or not you should either be moved to the next step in the hiring process or an offer is going to be extended, so there will be more scrutiny than with a screening interview. The company wants to know – Are you qualified for the job? Are you a good cultural fit? Can you make an immediate impact, or will you need extensive training? Questions will be more specific and your answers will need to be more detailed.

What to Expect:

In-depth questions to evaluate your qualifications for the position and your ability to fit in. There may be more than one interview at this stage.


Establish a connection with everyone you meet (before and after the actual interview). Sell yourself as a natural addition to the team.


The Puzzle Interview


Google and other highly competitive companies have been known to ask “puzzle” questions, like, “How many people are using youtube in San Francisco on a Sunday?” Seems random, but your interview wants to determine how quickly you can think on your feet, how you’ll approach a difficult situation, and how you can make progress in the face of a challenge.


Behavioral Interview


What to Expect:

The interviewer will ask questions that require you to describe how you have handled work-related situations. This provides more information about your behavior, personality, and character.


Think of a few examples ahead of time. Use examples that illustrate your skills and give a good impression of you.


Exit Interview

When an employee leaves the company, he is interviewed either by his immediate superior or by the HRD manager. This interview is called an exit interview. Exit interview is taken to find out why the employee is leaving the company. Sometimes, the employee may be asked to withdraw his resignation by providing some incentives. Exit interviews are taken to create a good image of the company in the minds of the employees who are leaving the company. They help the company to make proper HRD policies, to create a favourable work environment, to create employee loyalty and to reduce labour turnover.

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